Related Scientific Publications
Smith P, J Price, A Molotoks, R Warre, Y Mahli. 2018. Impacts on terrestrial biodiversity of moving from a 2°C to a 1.5°C target. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 376: 20160456
Smith P. 2018. Managing the global land resource. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285: 20172798
Pikaar I, J De Vrieze, K Rabaey, M Herrero, P Smith, W Verstraete. 2018. Carbon emission avoidance and capture by producing in-reactor microbial biomass based food, feed and slow release fertilizer: potentials and limitations. Science of the Total Environment 644: 1525-1530
Pikaar I, S Matassa, BL Bodirsky, I Weindl, F Humpenöder, K Rabaey, N Boon, M Bruschi, Z Yuan, H van Zanten, M Herrero, W Verstraete, A Popp. 2018. Decoupling livestock from land use through industrial feed production pathways. Environmental Science and Technology 52: 7351-7359
Frank S, R Beach, P Havlík, H Valin, M Herrero, A Mosnier, T Hasegawa, J Creason, S Ragnauth, M Obersteiner. 2018. Structural change as a key component for agricultural non-CO2 mitigation efforts. Nature Communications 9: 1060
Balmford A, T Amano, H Bartlett, D Chadwick, A Collins, D Edwards, R Field, P Garnsworthy, R Green, P Smith, H Waters, A Whitmore, D Broom, J Chara, T Finch, E Garnett, A Gathorne-Hardy, J Hernandez-Medrano, M Herrero, FY Hua, A Latawiec, T Misselbrook, B Phalan, B Simmons, J Vause, E zu Ermgassen, R Eisner. 2018. The environmental costs and benefits of high-yield farming. Nature Sustainability 1: 477-485
de Ruiter H, JI Macdiarmid, RB Matthews, P Smith. 2018. Moving beyond calories and protein: micronutrient assessment of sustainable diets and land use. Global Environmental Change 52: 108-116
Molotoks A, E Stehfest, J Doelman, F Albanito, N Fitton, TP Dawson, P Smith. 2018. Global projections of future croplands and direct impacts on biodiversity and carbon storage. Global Change Biology 24: 5895-5908
Tallis HM, PL Hawthore, S Polasky, J Reid, MW Beck, K Brauman, Bielicki, S Binder, MG Burgess, E Cassidy, A Clark, J Fargione, ET Game, J Gerber, F Isbell, J Kiesecker, R McDonald, M Metian, JL Molnar, ND Mueller, C O'Connell, D Ovando, M Troell, TM Boucher, B McPeek. 2018. An attainable global vision for conservation and human well-being. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment doi: 10.1002/fee.1965
Thornton PK, A Whitbread, T Baedeker, J Cairns, L Claessens, W Baethgen, C Bunn, M Friedmann, KE Giller, M Herrero, M Howden, K Kilcline, V Nangia, J Ramirez-Villegas, S Kumar, PC West. 2018. A framework for priority-setting in climate smart agriculture research. Agricultural Systems 167: 161–175
O’Connell, CS, K Carlson, S Cuadra, K Feeley, JS Gerber, PC West, S Polasky. 2018. Balancing tradeoffs: Reconciling multiple environmental goals when ecosystem services vary regionally. Environmental Research Letters 13: 064008
Waha K, MT van Wijk, S Fritz, L See, PK Thornton, J Wichern, M Herrero. 2018. Agricultural diversification as an important strategy for achieving food security in Africa. Global Change Biology 24: 3390-3400
Grant M, A Shreck, N Buchmann. 2018. Tackling food system challenges through experiential education: Criteria for optimal course design. GAIA 27: 169-175
Zuo L, Z Zhang, KM Carlson, GK MacDonald, KA Brauman, Y Liu, W Zhang, H Zhang, W Wu, X Zhao, X Wang, B Liu, L Yi, Q Wen, F Liu, J Xu, S Hu, F Sun, JS Gerber, PC West. 2018. Progress towards sustainable intensification in China challenged by land-use change. Nature Sustainability 1: 304-313
Macdiarmid JI, H Clark, S Whybrow, H de Ruiter, G McNeill. 2018. Assessing national nutrition security: The UK reliance on imports to meet population energy and nutrient recommendations. PLoS ONE 13: e0192649
Osgood-Zimmerman A, AI Millear, RW Stubbs, C Shields, BV Pickering, L Earl, N Graetz, DK Kinyoki, SE Ray, S Bhatt, AJ Browne, R Burstein, E Cameron, DC Casey, DA Deshpande, N Fullman, PW Gething, HS Gibson, NJ Henry, M Herrero, LK Krause, ID Letourneau, AJ Levine, PY Liu, J Longbottom, BK Mayala, JF Mosser, AM Noor, DM Pigott, EG Piwoz, EP Rao, R Rawat, RC Reiner, DL Smith, DJ Weiss, KE Wiens, AH Mokdad, SS Lim, CJL Murray, NJ Kassebaum, SI. 2018. Mapping child growth failure in Africa between 2000 and 2015. Nature 555: 41-47
Sloat LL, JS Gerber, LH Samberg, WK Smith, M Herrero, LG Ferreira, CM Godde, PC West. 2018. Increasing importance of precipitation variability on global livestock grazing lands. Nature Climate Change 8: 214-218
Smith P, S Lutfalla, WJ Riley, S Torn, WI Schmidt, JF Soussana. 2018. The changing faces of soil organic matter research. European Journal of Soil Science 69: 23-30
Adams MA, TN Buckley, W Salter, N Buchmann, C Blessing, TL Turnbull. 2018. Contrasting responses of crop legumes and cereals to nitrogen availability. New Phytologist 217: 1475–1483
Frank S, P Havlík, J Soussana, A Levesque, H Valin, E Wollenberg, U Kleinwechter, O Fricko, M Gusti, M Herrero, P Smith, T Hasegawa, F Kraxner, M Obersteiner. 2017. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture without compromising food security? Environmental Research Letters 12: 105004
Muller A, C Schader, N El-Hage Scialabba, J Brüggemann, A Isensee, K Erb, P Smith, P Klocke, F Leiber, M Stolze, U Niggli. 2017. Strategies for feeding the world more sustainably with organic agriculture. Nature Communications 8: 1290
Röös E, B Bajželj, P Smith, M Patel, D Little, T Garnett. 2017. Greedy or needy? Land use and climate impacts of food in 2050 under different livestock futures. Global Environmental Change 47: 1-12
Abdalla M, A Hastings, DR Chadwick, Dl Jones, CD Evans, MB Jones, RM Rees, P Smith. 2018. Critical review of the impacts of grazing intensity on soil organic carbon storage and other soil quality indicators in extensively managed grasslands. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment 253: 62-81
Jones GD, B Droz, P Greve, P Gottschalk, D Poffet, SP McGrath, SI Senevirante, P Smith, LHE Winkel. 2017. Selenium deficiency risk predicted to increase under future climate change. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 2848-2853
Hall C, TP Dawson, JI Macdiarmid, RB Matthews, P Smith. 2017. The impact of population growth and climate change on food security in Africa: looking ahead to 2050. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 15: 124-135
de Ruiter H, JI Macdiarmid, R Matthews, T Kastner, L Lynd, P Smith. 2017. Total global agricultural land footprint associated with UK food supply 1986–2011. Global Environmental Change 43: 72-81
Molotoks A, M Kuhnert, TP Dawson, P Smith. 2017. Global hotspots of conflict risk between food security and biodiversity conservation. Land 6: 67
Fetzel T, P Havlik, M Herrero, JO Kaplan, T Kastner, C Kroisleitner, S Rolinski, T Searchinger, PM Van Bodegom, S Wirsenius, K-H Erb. 2017. Quantification of uncertainties in global grazing systems assessment. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 31: 1089-1102
Fetzel T, P Havlik, M Herrero, K-H Erb. 2017. Seasonality constraints to livestock grazing intensity. Global Change Biology 23: 1636-1647
Nolasco CL, LS Soler, MWD Freitas, M Lahsen, JPHB Ometto. 2017. Scenarios of vegetable demand vs. production in Brazil: The links between nutritional security and small farming. Land 6: 49
Chabbi A, J Lehmann, P Ciais, HW Loescher, MF Cotrufo, A Don, M SanClements, L Schipper, J Six, P Smith, C Rumpel. 2017. Aligning agriculture and climate policy. Nature Climate Change 7: 307-309
Herrero M, PK Thornton, B Power, JR Bogard, R Remans, S Fritz, JS Gerber, G Nelson, L See, K Waha, RA Watson, PC West, LH Samberg, J van de Steeg, E Stephenson, M van Wijk, P Havlík. 2017. Farming and the geography of nutrient production for human use: a transdisciplinary analysis. The Lancet Planetary Health 1: e33-e42
Herrero M, B Henderson, P Havlík, P Thornton, R Conant, P Smith, S Wirsenius, AN Hristov, P Gerber, M Gill, K Butterbach-Bahl, H Valin, T Garnett, E Stehfest. 2016. Greenhouse gas mitigation potentials in the livestock sector. Nature Climate Change 6: 452-461
Smith P. 2016. Soil carbon sequestration and biochar as negative emission technologies. Global Change Biology 22: 1315-1324
de Ruiter H, Macdiarmid JI, Matthews RB, Kastner T, Smith P. 2016. Global cropland and greenhouse gas impacts of UK food supply are increasingly located overseas. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 13: 20151001
Carlson KM, JS Gerber, ND Mueller, M Herrero, GK MacDonald, KA Brauman, P Havlik, CS O’Connell, JA Johnson, S Saatchi, PC West. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of global croplands. Nature Climate Change 7: 63-68
Samberg LS, JS Gerber, N Ramankutty, M Herrero, PC West. 2016. Subnational distribution of average farm size and smallholder contributions to global food production. Environmental Research Letters 11: 031002
Lassaletta L, G Billen, J Garnier, L Bouwman, E Velazquez, ND Mueller, JS Gerber. 2016. Nitrogen use in the global food system: past trends and future trajectories of agronomic performance, pollution, trade, and dietary demand. Environmental Research Letters 11: 095007
Gerber JS, Carlson KM, Makowski D, Mueller ND, Garcia de Cortazar-Atauri I, Havlík P, Herrero M, Launay M, O'Connell CS, Smith P, West PC. 2016. Spatially explicit estimates of N2O emissions from croplands suggest climate mitigation opportunities from improved fertilizer management. Global Change Biology 22: 3383-3394
Paustian K, J Lehmann, S Ogle, D Reay, GP Robertson, P Smith. 2016. Climate-smart soils. Nature 532: 39-57
Fry JP, DC Love, GK MacDonald, PC West, PM Engstrom, KE Nachman, RS Lawrence. 2016. Environmental health impacts of feeding crops to farmed fish. Environment International 91: 201-2014
Schader C, A Muller, H Scialabba Nel, J Hecht, A Isensee, KH Erb, P Smith, U Niggli. 2015. Impacts of feeding less food-competing feedstuffs to livestock on global food system sustainability. Journal of the Royal Society Interface 12: 20150891
Chaplin-Kramer R, I Ramler, R Sharp, NM Haddad, JS Gerber, PC West, L Mandle, P Engstrom, A Baccini, S Sim, C Mueller, H King. 2015. Degradation in carbon stocks near tropical forest edges. Nature Communications 6: 10158
Smith P, House, JI, Bustamante, M, Sobocká, J, Harper, R, Pan, G, West, PC, Clark, JM, Adhya, T, Rumpel, C, Paustian, K, Kuikman, P, Cotrufo, MF, Elliott, JA, McDowell, R, Griffiths, RI, Asakawa, S, Bondeau, A, Jain, AK, Meersmans, J & Pugh, TAM. 2015. Global change pressures on soils from land use and management. Global Change Biology 22: 1008-1028
Smith P, Cotrufo, MF, Rumpel, C, Paustian, K, Kuikman, PJ, Elliott, JA, McDowell, R, Griffiths, RI, Asakawa, S, Bustamante, M, House, JI, Sobocká, J, Harper, R, Pan, G, West, PC, Gerber. JS, Clark, JM, Adhya, T, Scholes, RJ & Scholes, MC. 2015. Biogeochemical cycles and biodiversity as key drivers of ecosystem services provided by soils. SOIL Discussions 2: 537-586
Food Climate Research Network (FCRN). 2018. Grazed and Confused? How much can grazing livestock help to mitigate climate change? Video
Presentations and Posters
Elias P, G Truitt Nakata, PC West, J Seale. 2018. Panel discussion: Promoting soil health to ensure global food and nutrition security. Moderated by R Thurow. FAO Liaison Office for North America, Washinton, DC. November 28.
West PC. 2018. Sustainably feeding a growing population on a warming planet. Montana Institute on Ecosystems Distinguished Visiting Lecture Series. Montana State University. Boseman, MT. September 26.
West PC. 2018. Sustainably feeding a growing population. Chinese Academy of Sciences. Beijing, China. August 21.
Macdiarmid JI, H Clark , S Whybrow, H de Ruiter, G McNeill. 2018. Nutrition security and the importance of international trade to meet population-level energy and nutrient requirements. Summer Conference 2018: Getting energy balance right. Leeds, United Kingdom. July 10-12.
West PC. 2018. Sustainable food production in a changing climate: Causes and effects. Webinar lecture to climate change and agriculture class, University of Galway. Galway, Ireland. March 28.
Tripathi R. 2018. Assessing household food security and GHG emission in eastern India. 3rd ARRW International Symposium. Cuttack, India. February 6-9.
Nayak AK, B Dahl, R Tripathi, P Guru, Md Shahid, AD Nayak, KC Moharana, SK Barik, B Mondal, SD Mohapatra, P Bhattacharyya, D Chatterjee, N Fitton, P Smith, AK Shukla, H Pathak. 2018. Energy efficiency and carbon footprint of rice production system as affected by land holding size. Poster presented at 3rd ARRW International Symposium. Cuttack, India. February 6-9. Download
Nayak AK, M Shahid, AD Nayak, B Dahl, KC Moharana, B Mondal, R Tripathi, SD Mohapatra, P Bhattacharyya, NN Jambhulkar, AK Shukla, N Fitton, P Smith, H Pathak. 2018. Ecosystem services valuation of rice based systems in eastern India. Poster presented at 3rd ARRW International Symposium. Cuttack, India. February 6-9. Download
Jia X, A Khandelwal, G Nayak, J Gerber, K Carlson, P West, V Kumar. 2017. Incremental dual-memory LSTM in land cover prediction. In: Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining - KDD ’17. New York, New York, USA: ACM Press, pp. 867–876. Download
Jia X, A Khandelwal, G Nayak, JS Gerber, K Carlson, PC West, V Kumar. 2017. Predict land covers with transition modeling and incremental learning. In: Proceedings of the 2017 SIAM International Conference on Data Mining . Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, pp. 171–179. Download
West PC. 2017. Panelist for Institute for Food Technologies’ “How supply chain innovation can contribute to sustainability” virtual meeting. December 14.
Smith P, J Gerber, P West, M Herrero, J Macdiarmid, R Matthews, JF Sousanna, N Fitton, AK Nayak, R Tripathi, J Ometto, L Soler, J Pompeu, C Van den Hoof, RJ Scholes, M Shingange, N Mcunu, N Buchmann, A Gilgen, J Cohen, M Grant, T Dawson, L Zuo. 2017. Delivering food security on limited land (DEVIL). 3rd International conference on Global Food Security. Cape Town, South Africa. December 3-6.
Macdiarmid JI, H Clark, S Whybrow, H de Ruiter, G McNeill. 2017. Self-sufficiency and nutrition security: Trends in energy, macronutrient and micronutrient supplies from imports and domestic production in the UK. 3rd International conference on Global Food Security. Cape Town, South Africa. December 3-6.
Pompeu J, L Soler, J Ometto. 2017. Mapping forest biomass distribution in smallholders and non-smallholders farms in the Brazilian Amazon. 3rd International conference on Global Food Security. Cape Town, South Africa. December 3-6.
Hall C, TP Dawson, JI Macdiarmid, RB Matthews, P Smith. 2017. Linking Land use and nutrition: The relationship between landscape configuration and food security in Malawi. 3rd International conference on Global Food Security. Cape Town, South Africa. December 3-6.
Soler LS, J Pompeu, T Dawson, J Omettto, C Nolasco. 2017. Spatial explicit diagnosis on food security gaps in Brazil using the FEEDME model and household level surveys. 3rd International conference on Global Food Security. Cape Town, South Africa. December 3-6.
Fitton N, P Alexander, N Arnell, T Powell, R Sands, T Hasegawa, K Calvin, P Havlik, T Krisztin, E Stehfest, H van Meijl, B Bajzelj, J Gerber, P West, M Herrero, P Smith. 2017. Land use implications of pathways to deliver future food security and the impacts of reducing land available for agriculture. Poster presented at 3rd International conference on Global Food Security. Cape Town, South Africa. December 3-6.
West PC, P Engstrom. 2017. Using geodata to improve global food security and the environment. Esri Education Summit. Redlands, CA. November 9.
Gilgen AK, J Cohen, M Grant, N Buchmann. 2017. Delivering food security on limited land (DEVIL). Poster presented at World Food System Center 2017 Research Symposium. Zurich, Switzerland. October 25.
Molotoks A, E Stehfest, D van Vuuren, F Albanito, N Fitton, T Dawson, P Smith. 2017. Impacts of future global cropland expansion on biodiversity. Poster 19. Natural Capital Symposium. San Fancisco, CA. March 20.
Gerber JS. 2016. Global assessment of livestock intensification potential. Poster GC13D-1228. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting. San Francisco, CA. December 6.
Sloat S, JS Gerber, LH Samberg, WK Smith, PC West, M Herrero, B Power, C Godde, K Waha. 2016. Precipitation variability on global pasturelands may affect food security in livestock-dependent regions. Poster GC13D-1227. American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting. San Francisco, CA. December 6.
West Paul C. 2016. Food systems and climate change: understanding how yield gaps, management practices, land use planning, climate, and diet affect food availability, and greenhouse gas emissions. World Bank. Washington, DC. February 11, 2016.
Engstrom P, J Gerber, P West. 2016. Divesting in diversity? Crop species dominance in space and time. Minnesota GIS Conference. October 26-28.
Gerber JS, PC West, ND Mueller, DK Ray, N Ramankutty, D Makowski. 2016. Room to Grow: Is crop global production keeping up with potential? Global Land Project, Open Science Meeting. Beijing, China. October 24-27.
Soler L, C Nolasco, J Ometto. 2016. Food consumption vs production in Brazil: food security scenarios in the context of land availability and environmental regulations. Global Land Project Open Science Meeting. Beijing, China. October 24-27.
Smith P, Fitton N. 2016. Land use implications of pathways to future food security. Global Land Project Open Science Meeting. Beijing, China. October 24-27.
West PC, JS Gerber. 2016. Attributing forest loss to specific commodities. Global Land Project Open Science Meeting. Beijing, China. October 24-27.
West PC. 2016. How we grown and what we eat: food’s critical role in limiting climate change. Festival International de Cinema e Vídeo Ambiental. Cidade de Goiás, Goiás, Brazil. August 20. (keynote speaker)
Gerber JS. 2016. Room to Grow: Is crop global production keeping up with potential? University of Queensland, Australia. May 26.
West, PC. 2016. Challenges and leverage points for sustainably increasing global food security. University of Queensland, Australia. May 26.
West PC. 2017. Assessing climate-related risks: changes in the mean and variability. Climate Change and Food Security science meeting. Galway, Ireland. April 25.
West PC. 2017. Sustainable food production in a changing climate. Agriculture and climate change. Sitges, Spain. March 26-28. (opening keynote)
West PC. 2016. Sustainable food production in data-limited areas: insights from global analyses. AAAS Annual Meeting. Washington, DC. February 12.
Shreck A, Grant, M., Buchmann, N. 2015. Delivering Food Security on Limited Land: Engaging Global Stakeholders through Knowledge Exchange and Education. Poster presented at 3rd Programme Conference of the NRP 68. Montreux, Switzerland. November 12-13.
Gerber J, Mueller, N, Ramankutty, N, Ray, D, West, P. 2015. Trends in yield gaps over time. Global Food Security Conference. Ithaca, NY. October 14-16.
West PC. 2015. Sustainably increasing global food security: challenges, opportunities, and successes. Expogestión Orinoquía. Villavicencio, Orinoquía, Colombia. September 10. Keynote presentation.
West PC, JS Gerber. 2015. Sustainably feeding 9+ billion with a changing climate. Federal University of Lavras, Brazil. XIX Congresso Brasileiro de Agrometeorologia: O desafio do uso sustentavel dos biomas brasileiros. August 27 (two combined presentations).
West PC, Carlson, K, Gerber, JS, Mueller, ND, O’Connell, C, Havlik, P, Herrero, M, Saatchi, S. 2015. Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Global Agriculture. Ecological Society of America 100th Anniversary Conference. Baltimore, Maryland. August 14.
West PC, JS Gerber. 2015. Sustainably feeding 9+ billion: Trends, risks, and solutions. University of Aberdeen, Scotland. May 19. (two combined presentations).
Fitton N, P Smith. 2015. Delivering food security on limited land. Problems and solutions in food security – from surf to turf. Scottish Universities Insight Institute. November 23.
IPBES. 2018. Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration. Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services. Montanarella L, R Scholes, A Brainich, IPBES (eds). IPBES Secretariat, Bonn, Germany
IPBES. 2018. Summary for policymakers of the assessment report on land degradation and restoration of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Scholes R, L Montanarella, A Brainich, N Barger, B ten Brink, M Cantele, B Erasmus, J Fisher, T Gardner, TG Holland, F Kohler, JS Kotiaho, G Von Maltitz, G Nangendo, R Pandit, J Parrotta, MD Potts, S Prince, M Sankaran, L Willemen (eds). IPBES Secretariat, Bonn, Germany, 44 pp
Fischer J, L Montanarella, R Scholes. 2018. Benefits to people from avoiding land degradation and restoring degraded land. In: IPBES. Assessment Report on Land Degradation and Restoration. Montanarella, L., Scholes, R., and Brainich, A. (eds.). Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem services, Bonn, Germany, pp. 12-80
Wilson S. 2018. The climate regulation service provided by miombo landscapes. MSc Thesis, University of the Witwatersrand, SA
Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota. Food Matters. Briefings on the most pressing environmental challenges facing the world today.
Phillips, L. 2016. Consumerism and Climate Change: How the Choices You Make Can Help Mitigate the Effects of Climate Change. UN Academic Impact, series on Food Security and Climate Change. Mar. 7.
Challinor, A and Vermeulen, S. 2016. Global Models Must Meet Grassroots Action to Deliver Climate Solutions for Farmers. UN Academic Impact, series on Food Security and Climate Change. Feb. 29.
Smith, P. 2016. The Intimate Relationship between Food Security and Land. UN Academic Impact, series on Food Security and Climate Change. Feb. 22.